A scar results when a deeper wound heals. As such, it not only represents a visual and psychological problem, but a physical one too. Moreover, the skin is unable to repair the injury completely. Scars are associated with unpleasant symptoms, especially in the healing phase. These include redness, swelling, itching, tension.
Scar tissue is not like normal skin because hair follicles, sebaceous and sweat glands are not restored. It is made up of less elastic fibres, which may lead to hardening as well as shrinking of the scar, sometimes causing tension or even restricted movement.
Scar formation is accompanied by the building of fine blood vessels, which are the reason for the red colour of fresh scars. That will slowly fade away as the scar matures. As scar tissue does not have the colour pigments that healthy skin does, the scar will stay lighter than the surrounding skin.
How visible a scar is depends on a variety of factors: type and scale of the injury, wound healing process, general health, age, genetic predisposition. The scar might become thick, hard and taut. Well-cared-for surgical wounds, which are narrow with smooth edges, usually heal quickly and easily. The resulting scar is generally small, thin and hardly visible.
All types of scars can be treated effectively with Mederma®, making them less uncomfortable and less visible.