Explanations of the most important scar terms


Burns

Most burns are caused by direct contact with fire or hot objects (55%). About 40% of all burns are scalds caused by hot liquids or steam. They generally result from carelessness in everyday life and often affect children.

Burns are classified according to degrees of severity – from mild burns in which only the top layer of the skin has been damaged to severe burns in which all layers of the skin and the underlying tissue are affected.

First degree burns
The skin is red, slightly swollen and hurts. Only the upper layers of the skin (epidermis) are affected.

Second degree burns
Blisters form and the wound is extremely painful. The injury extends deeper into the tissue and affects the upper (epidermis) and middle layers of the skin (dermis).

Third degree burns
No pain because the nerve endings have been destroyed. Not only the skin, but also the underlying tissue is destroyed.

Fortunately, most burns can be classified as mild, but they frequently involve larger areas of skin and can therefore result in large scars if left untreated.

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Explanations of the most important scar terms - Mederma

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